The Canadian Sport for Life (CS4L) Long-Term Athlete Development Model (LTAD) provides a consistent framework from which coaches, parents and organizations can work. This document has been designed with the input of sport scientists and coaches from across the country. It is a long-term player/athlete development model that illustrates to coaches, parents, volunteers and administrators at the local, provincial and national levels, the importance of a systematic and consistent approach to the development of athletes from an Active Start to Active for Life. It also recognizes the importance of participation in securing the health of the nation.


The model is to be used as a guide for coaches and administrators. This will assist them in understanding the importance of teaching particular aspects of the game to athletes at specific stages of development. It is hoped that with this systematic approach, skills and abilities needed to achieve excellence in basketball will be reachable. It will also ensure that all participants will receive the appropriate training that will produce well-rounded people and maintain a lifelong passion for the sport.

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Canada Basketball Long-Term Athlete Development Model

The Canada Basketball Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) Model is based on the Canadian Sport for Life (CS4L) Re- source Paper, developed by Canadian world leaders in the areas of child and sport development. The LTAD Model is athlete centered, coach driven, and administration, sport science, and partners supported. The model integrates elite, community, and scholastic sport, physical education, athletes with a disability, and the general health of the nation.

LTAD is a training, competition, and recovery framework for athletes at all stages of life. LTAD focuses on the general frame- work of athlete development with special reference to growth, maturation, and physical and mental development.

The overall aim of LTAD Model is twofold:

  1. To allow participants to find fun, fitness, social interaction, and self-fulfillment through an all-inclusive sport environment.
  2. To develop competitive pathways that are developmentally appropriate and lead players to the highest possible levels of achievement.


The Ten Factors of LTAD

As an individual or organization delivering basketball programming in Canada, assess your actions and decisions in reference to these LTAD concepts.

1. The FUNdamentals

2. Specialization

3. Developmental Age

4. Trainability

5. Physical, Mental, and Emotional Development

6. Periodization

7. Calendar Planning for Competition

8. The 10-Year Rule

9. System Alignment & Integration

10. Continuous Improvement


Canada Basketball Athlete Development Model PDF


Additional Resources:

A Sport Parent’s Guide PDF

Becoming a Canadian Sport for Life Community PDF

CS4L Summary Guide PDF

Developing Physical Literacy PDF

Introduction to Physical Literacy PDF

Long-Term Coach Development PDF

Maximizing the Sport Experience for Children PDF

No Accidental Champions PDF



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